Every employee must have a written employment agreement. It can be either an individual agreement or a collective agreement (one involving a union).
There are things that must be included in employment agreements by law. More information is available on the Ministry’s website, which also has a free online employment agreement builder.
Minimum employment rights must be met regardless of whether or not they are included in an employment agreement or if the agreement states something less than a minimum entitlement.
When bargaining for changes to their individual employment agreements (IEAs), employees can get independent advice (for example, from unions, lawyers, or colleagues).